School Composition, Disruptive Classroom Behaviour and Student Results: A Study of Mechanisms of Peer Effects

  • Pontus Bäckström School of Education and Communication, Jönköping University, Sweden


This study analyses whether disruptive classroom behaviour affects students’ results in Swedish lower secondary schools (N = 1704), measured by the schools’ grade point averages (GPA). The data, collected from the Swedish school authorities, comprises variables on schools’ pupil composition, classroom environment and student mean grades. Previous research has shown that disruptive classroom behaviour has a negative impact on students’ results. This study finds such effects. The effect size reported is equal to the reported GPA differences between boys and girls. Results show that some of the original effects of school compositional variables are mediated through disruptive behaviour.

peer effects, compositional effects, school environment, disruptive classroom behaviour, frame factor theory